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Climate Policy

Accessing the People's Survival Fund

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The policy briefer entitled “Accessing the People’s Survival Fund: Finding the Right Balance between Access Modalities and Institutional Arrangements for the PSF” is iCSC’s contribution to the policy discussions that the PSF Board will have once convened. This briefer proposes the modality of “enhanced access,” a localized version of direct access, in operationalizing the PSF. Enhanced access is a perfect fit for the PSF because it is a modality that requires expediency of access, efficient delivery, and high fiduciary standards.


Project Philippines: Adaptation Finance Accountability Initiative

Project Philippines is the project narrative for The Adaptation Finance Initiative (AFAI), an international initiative that seeks to track international funds tagged as adaptation finance. AFAI in the Philippines was made possible through the partnership of iCSC with Overseas Development Institute (ODI), World Resources Institute (WRI), and Oxfam. AFAI is also being undertaken with other country partners in Zambia, Uganda, and Nepal.


Slow Onset Climate Change Impacts: What it is, why should we care, and what we can do about it

 This paper contains scientific and anecdotal evidence, and expert and grassroots recommendations brought about by the questions: What are we doing about Slow Onset Impacts (SOI) or the long-term effects of climate change? Why should we do more? And what steps should be taken to meet this challenge?


Climate Change, Geography, and Human Development

An excerpt from the text: This is a compelling argument against centralized, cookie-cutter type of approaches from the national government—particularly in agriculture, the most climate-sensitive sector. Rather, the first best and, maybe, only response to narity and unpredictability is to strengthen adaptive capacities of communities—strengthening human capabilities and building on local coping mechanisms. Certain types of information, technology, and research may be best produced or financed at the national level, but the delivery and application of these public goods requires local knowledge, flexibility, and customization. Certainly, planning capacity will be critical, if not essential, to the adaptive potential of localities. in order to avoid fragmented local responses to climate change and clumsy, ineffective, one-size-fits-all national programs, interventions at the provincial level will be central to building climate change resilience at the local level.


2012/2013 Philippine Human Development Report

 Following the discipline of its global and regional counterparts, national HDRs provide the same rigor of analysis, which we now find in the Philippine Human Development Report (PHDR). As in previous editions, this 7th Philippine Human Development Report (2012-2013 PHDR) offers yet another development perspective, “Geography,” critical to the attainment of human development for the people of Philippine archipelago. The road to human development is filled with multidimensional barriers and challenges.  To understand the path to human development, since 1994 the PHDRs have tackled diverse themes such as gender, education, employment, peace and security, and institutions. The past PHDRs have earned their reputation as important references to development leaders and practitioners of the country with their in-depth analysis and concrete suggestions.

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A Study to Revisit the LGU Financing Framework and Its Implementation

“A Study to Revisit the LGU Financing Framework and Its Implementation” is a report prepared by Anthony J. Pellegrini and Ma. Cecilia G. Soriano for the Department of Finance. The main purpose of this study is to revisit and propose amendments to the Local Government Unit (LGU) Financing Framework. Among the changes being proposed in this paper is the review of cost sharing arrangements between the national and local governments and the Municipal Development Fund, government financial institutions in terms of their roles and responsibilities. Suggestions on improving institutional arrangements between national and local governments are also proposed here to improve the governance and development at the local level.

This report includes four papers which include: (1) Assessment of LGU Financing Framework and Its Implementation; (2) Inventory of Financing and Technical Assistance Provided to LGUs


A Measure for Resilience: 2012 Report on the Ecological Footprint of the Philippines

“A Measure for Resilience: 2012 Report on the Ecological Footprint of the Philippines” shows the methodology developed by the Global Footprint Network to address and mainstream issues relating to sustainable environment and biodiversity within the policies related to climate change in the Philippines.

The creation of a roadmap which shall be the basis for the national response to climate change is the grand agenda of the Philippines in confronting the impacts of climate change. With this goal in mind, the Climate Change Commission, through the National Strategic Framework on Climate Change pushes for a resilient Philippines through the formulation of the National Climate Change Action plan, the top priorities of which are the following: food security, water sufficiency, ecosystem and environmental stability, human security, climate-smart industries and services, sustainable energy and Knowledge and Capacity Development.

This report will provide readers with an overview of the Ecological Footprint of the Philippines in relation to different land types (croplands, forest land, grazing land, fishing grounds,), its carbon footprint, a matrix of land use consumption and its analysis and the future scenarios that the country might face in the future if the current ecological footprint is not acted upon.


Global Climate Risk Index 2013: Who suffers most from Extreme Weather Events? Weather Related Loss events in 2011 and 1992 to 2011

Authored by Sven Harmeling and David Eckstein

The Global Climate Change Risk Index 2013 is a tool that can be used to analyze the extent by which countries have been affected by climate-related phenomena like storms, floods, heat waves and the like. The basis for this Global Climate Change Risk Index is the available data obtained in 2011, and for the period of 1992-2001.

This index can serve as an indicator that the Philippines, as a country greatly affected by climate change, may experience greater vulnerability to the destructive effects of climate change. The paper provides a part where readers could understand how the Global Climate Risk Index can be read in order to derive their preferred data and data sets.


Blending Climate Finance Through National Climate Funds: A Guidebook for the Design and Establishments of National Funds to Achieve Climate Change Priorities

Authored by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Climate Change Policy Spet Cassie Flyn.

Before, the management of climate finance was in the hand of small number of large funds associated with United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Finance. Today, countries have more opportunities to address the various climate and development needs because of the expansion of funds coming from private, public, bilateral and multilateral sources.

As a consequence to the expansion of climate sources, countries should have a tool that they could use to maximize the funds that they are receiving. The UNDP is pushing that each country should have a National Climate Fund which shall serve as a mechanism for the facilitation, collection, blending, coordination of, and accounting of climate finance.

The purpose of this guidebook is to provide countries with assistance in designing their respective NCF by identifying its common components and structural overview. This guidebook is intended to decision-makers at the national and sub-national level, domestic experts involved in assisting the government in establishing institutions and those frameworks to support proper management and delivery of climate finance.


Localizing the Measurement of the Impact of Climate Change

Authored by Romula A. Virola together with Edward Lopez-Dee, Mark Rex Romaoag and Leo Allan Halcon of the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

The destruction brought about by typhoon Ondoy and Pepeng in 2009, typhoon Basyang in July 2011, and the El Nino phenomena presents the need for strategic planning in in local, national, and international levels to address vulnerabilities of sectors climate change impacts.

In line with this, the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) commenced initiatives like Philippine Economic-Environmental and Natural Resources Accounting (PEENRA) project, the creation of an Interagency Committee on Environment and Natural Resources Statistics (IAC-ENRS) and the creation of other statistical framework to achieve such goal.

This paper tackles the NSCB statistical framework and localizes it to the National Capital Region, the Ilocos Region and Albay Province which are the areas vastly affected by climate change as determined by statistical evidence. This paper also assesses the available statistics and information system dealing with the impacts of climate change in these provinces and regions. Disaster management and preparedness, environmental sustainability and other successful models of adaptation and mitigation strategies used primarily in Albay are presented alongside impacts and vulnerability statistics.


Senate Bill 2558 – Explanatory Note

Senator Juan Ponce Enrile, in his explanatory note of SB 2558, explains the need for the amendment of Republic Act of 9729, otherwise known as the ‘Climate Change Act of 2009’. According to him, the Climate Change Commission that was created by the RA 9729 has yet to deliver a concrete implementation and financial policies to carry out the mandate of the said law. Furthermore, the vagueness in the provisions of the said law resulted to inconsistency in the funding priorities which, as a consequence, resulted to missed opportunities for funding.

With that said, he introduced the People’s Survival Fund in order to finance climate change adaptation projects that are directly supportive of local government unit’s objectives. The sources of the fund shall be taken from (a) the General Appropriations Act; (b) part of the Cash dividends taken from Government Owned and Controlled Corporations; (c) a portion of the Certified Emission Reduction earned under the clean development mechanisms; and (d) a portion of the Motor Vehicle’s User’s Charge but it will not be limited to such.


House Bill 3528 – Explanatory Note

In his explanatory note of House Bill 3528, Representative Lorenzo Tanada III of the Fourth District of Quezon explains that although there is a legislation made to confront the needs of the country in terms of climate change under Republic Act 9729, otherwise known as the ‘Climate Change Act of 2009’, the objectives of the law to a long-term, predictable, and transparent sources of finance for climate change adaptation projects based on the accepted fiduciary standards of the country should be strengthened.

Consequently, this House Bill is created support the adaptation action plans of local government units and communities by establishing a People’s Survival Fund which will defend the interest of people who are vulnerable to the effects of climate change. The sources of the fund shall include but not be limited to: (a) the General Appropriations Act, (b) part of the cash dividends declared by all Government-Owned and Controlled Corporations; (c) a portion of the Certified Emission Reduction units earned under the UN-instituted Clean Development mechanism and other domestic transactions utilizing the international carbon market; and (d) a portion of the Motor Vehicle User’s Charge. The primary purpose of the fund is to support different programs and projects with regards to climate change adaptation.


House Bill 3528

House Bill 3528 introduced by Lorenzo Tanada seeks to amend the provisions of Republic Act 9729, otherwise known as the ‘Climate Change Act of 2009’. The addition made in this House Bill, among others, is the definition of Climate Finance, Disaster Risk Reduction Management (DRRM) and Vulnerable and Marginalized Groups, the Climate Change Commission and its Composition, the creation of the Climate Change Office and the insertion of Sec. 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 and 25 under a new Title III entitled ‘The People’s Survival Fund’.

The Title on People’s Survival Fund shall include the following provisions: The creation of People’s Survival Fund, the Sources and Uses of the Fund, the creation of a People’s Survival Fund Board and its Powers and Functions, the role of the Climate Change Commission in the Utilization of the Fund, Community Participation and Trustee.


Senate Bill 2558

Senate Bill 2558 entitled ‘An Act Establishing the People’s Survival Fund to Provide Long-Term Finance Streams to Enable the Government to Effectively Address the Problem of Climate Change, Amending for the Purpose Republic Act No. 9729, otherwise known as “The Climate Change Act of 2009”, and for other purposes was authored by Senator Juan Ponce Enrile.

This Senate Bill seeks to amend the following sections of R.A. 9729: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17 and to insert section 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 and 25 under a new Title III which is entitled as the People’s Survival Fund. Under provisions under Title III are the following: The Creation of People’s Survival Fund, Sources of the Fund, Uses of the Fund, The People’s Survival Fund Board and its Powers and Functions, the Role of the Commission in the Utilization of the People’s Survival Fund, Community Participation and Trustee.


R.A. 10174 or the People's Survival Fund

An act establishing the people’s survival fund to provide long-term finance streams to enable the government to effectively address the problem of climate change, amending for the purpose Republic Act No. 9729, otherwise known as the “Climate Change Act of 2009”


Towards an Adaptation Finance Implementation Agenda: Case Studies for the People's Survival Fund

Last May 8, 2013, iCSC facilitated a discussion among offices representing the Technical Working Group of the PSF Board, the Senate and Lower House economic planning committees, other national government agencies, civil society organizations, and local government representatives regarding the localization of the “direct access” approach to adaptation finance. Presented in the event was iCSC’s discussion paper, which showed actual direct access practices already undertaken in the country that the PSF Board can consider. iCSC suggested the Philippine modality is better termed as “enhanced access”, given the way that the PSF Board might utilize and further develop what is already working. The event and the paper is one of iCSC’s contributions to helping operationalize the People’s Survival Fund. Finding the right balance between access and accountability, enhancing existing practices, and civil society-government collaboration — these represent some of the more critical items that requires PSF Board prioritization.


Survey on Climate Change

“Survey on Climate Change” is a presentation made by Linda Luz Guerrero of the Social Weather Station last July 17 at Discovery Suites in Ortigas City.

This is the results of the survey conducted by the SWS for the World Bank Group. Included in this presentation are the findings of SWS with regards to the awareness of climate change among Filipinos, their participation in efforts to respond to the negative effects of climate change, satisfaction of people to the responses made by government institutions, civil society and the private sectors.

Guerrero is the Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of the Social Weather Station.


Global Environmental Change across Countries and Time 1993 – 2010

Tom W. Smith of University of Chicago presented “Global Environmental Change across Countries and Time 1993 – 2010”  during the 2013 Research Session of the ISSP Meeting in Santiago, Chile in 2013. This presentation depicts how the Philippines compare to other countries in terms of prioritizing the environment especially the issue of climate change.